Reform of parental leave system: equal non-transferable fully paid parental leave. A case study to estimate the overall benefits of specific policy reforms within the gender equality political agenda.
The Tavistock Institute of Human Relations (TIHR) delivered the ‘Provision of Methodological approach to estimate the overall benefits of specific policy reforms within the gender equality political agenda’, one of the four background papers commissioned by the European Institute of Gender Equality (EIGE) within the ‘Benefits of the Gender Equality (BGE)’ project.
The other papers commissioned were:
‘Conceptual framework and approaches for estimating the benefits of gender equality in the EU: rights-based approach versus the economic case for gender equality’ by University of the West of England (UK)
‘Sectoral approach to the benefits of gender equality: the benefits of gender equality through expenditures on public infrastructures’ by University of Murcia (Spain)
‘The economic and social case for gender equality: feasibility analysis’ by University of Modena (Italy)
The papers are not published yet, but their summaries and main challenges and conclusions are available as a PDF (p.58-62).They are also available in other languages: ESP, IT, FR, DE.
ContextDuring 2013, EIGE led online discussions and expert group meetings on the benefits of gender equality and the challenges and opportunities to measure them. Afterwards, EIGE commissioned four background papers which explained how to deliver robust and credible evidence on the benefits of gender equality, taking especial consideration of the circumstances under which women’s economic participation and empowerment enhances growth, as well as other positive dimensions of increased gender equality.
ObjectivesEIGE’s project ‘Benefits of Gender Equality’ aimed to reflect on strategic approaches and methodologies used for conceptualisation and measuring of some of those benefits. The objective was to support policymakers in their decision making process highlighting the real current and potential benefits of gender equality, if this objective was achieved.
MethodologyThe methodology used was based on triangulation and a realistic approach, combining the interaction with stakeholders, the client and the review of secondary data, literature and evaluations, to produce a comprehensive report aimed at being used for decision-making and policy action.The methodology developed, and used for the case study, includes a rights-based approach and socio-economic perspectives applied to gender equality.The methodological guidelines for the ex-ante evaluation include several steps:
- Feasibility analysis of the policy reform: transition costs considering political, legal, economic and social context.
- Literature review, including research and evaluations
- Frame analysis, including the EC gender impact assessment
- Change chain: combination of causal change analysis and theory of change
- Interviews with stakeholders
- Use of evaluation for advocacy, learning, data collection and data gap analysis and community building